History

Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetist (CRNA) role began in the American Civil War as nurses were used to administer anesthetics so the surgeon could focus on the surgery. They have continued to provide anesthesia services across the country and within our military as the technology and science of the field of anesthesia has grown.

Description

Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetists (CRNAs) have provided anesthesia safely throughout the United States and in our military for over 150 years (Dulisse, 2010 ).

Provide nearly 34 million anesthetics annually (American Association of Nurse Anesthetists).

Qualified to independently administer the full spectrum of anesthesia care including general, spinal, epidural, peripheral blocks, intravenous sedation, and chronic pain management

Play a vital role in increasing timely access to cost effective healthcare and surgical services throughout Arizona, including rural and critical access hospitals, where in the majority of those CRNAs have been the sole anesthesia providers for over 30 to 40 years (Commission, 2014; Hogan 2010).

Education and Experience to become a CRNA include; a Bachelor of Science in Nursing, a minimum of 1 year in critical care nursing, graduation with a doctorate or master’s degree in anesthesia, and passing the national certification examination (AANA).

For more information visit www.azcrna.com and www.aana.com

 References

American Association of Nurse Anesthetists. 2012 Practice Profile Survey.

Federal Trade Commision. (2014). Policy Perspective: Competition and the Regulation of Advanced Practice Nurses.

Dulisse, B. ,. (2010 ). No Harm Found When Nurse Anesthetists Work Without Physician Supervision . Health Affairs, 1469-75.

Hogan, P. e. (2010). Cost Effectiveness Analysis of Anesthesia Providers. Nursing Economic$, 28(3):159-69.

Institue of Medicine (2011). The Future of Nursing: Leading Change, Advancing Health. Washington, DC: NationalAcademies Press.